By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34% higher than today. In order to feed this larger population, food production must increase by 70%.
Aquaculture today accounts for over 50% of the fish destined for human consumption (FAO 2016).
With an expanding population coupled with the declining productivity of natural fisheries, aquaculture is expected to play an ever greater role in meeting this demand in the future.
However, there are major environmental concerns related to fish farming, including habitat destruction, organic and chemical pollution of nearby aquatic and benthic ecosystems, disease and parasite transmission to wild populations.
Friend of the Sea has developed a certification standard for aquaculture to minimise the negative effects of aquaculture operations, providing a tool for the fish farming industry to develop while respecting the marine environment, preserving natural resources for the future.
Friend of the Sea Sustainable Aquaculture criteria require: