The Ministry of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development (MFARD) is the agency that manage fisheries in Sri Lanka. Fisheries activities are planned, administrated and monitored under the guidance of the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DFAR). In addition, the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC), an intergovernmental organisation, is responsible for the management of tuna and tuna-like species in the Indian Ocean. Fisheries management organisations are held annually, along with intermittent meetings with the scientific committee meeting, technical committee meeting and compliance committee meeting.
Stock status summary
Data from the lasted IOTC assessment reported that most of Sri Lanka’s fishing vessels are artisanal (< 24m). In addition, it reported that catches from the main fleet of Sri Lanka correspond to 13%, the stock is not overfished and it is not subject to overfishing. The organisation buys 100% of its purchase from small fishing vessels.
Bycatch / discards
The fishing gear used is the Deep-set Long line, which reduces the by-catch percentage. The logbook is used in all vessels and data are available on the DFAR and IOTC website. Evidence of minimal by-catch (targeted as incidental catch; there is no records of turtles and sharks). All fish caught, including by-catch and discards, are used for human consumption.
Currently, encouraged by government actions to reduce gill net fishing, most of the fishing are done by Long line. This fishing method has been selected so that the endangered species is not caught (> 100m depth Longline Deep-set). No degradation of seabed.
Social Accountability performance
The fleet complies with the human rights and Srilankan regulations.
Conclusion with reasons for approval
The fleet complies with Friend of the Sea requirements, without any major non-conformities.
Ecuador – Purse seine, Long line – Xiphias gladius – FAO 87 (Pacific, Southeast)
Fishery client: TRANSMARINA C.A. Website: www.transmarina.com Fishing area: FAO 87, Southeast Pacific. Fishing vessels: The Company has a fleet of 9 vessels. Vessels audited on site as fleet samples: P-04-00575; P-04-00747; P-04-00827; P-04-00811; P-04-00826; P-04-00853; P-04-00822; P-04-00796; P-04-00788. Fishing method: Purse seine and Long line. Certified species: Scientific name: Xiphias gladius; Common name: Sword.
Management summary The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Aquaculture and Fisheries of Ecuador (MAGAP) through its subsidiary unit, the Secretariat of Fisheries Resources (Subsecretaría de Recursos Pesqueros, SRP), is the government agency that manages fisheries in Ecuador. The SRP has offices in the main ports of Ecuador, where the tasks of inspection, control and monitoring of fishing activities are regularly conducted at landing harbors. SRP regulates fishing activity by allocating fishing permits both, fishers and vessels, by establishing fishing periods and bans, and by regulating fishing gears, tools, and fishing zones.
Stock status summary According to the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC), Swordfish stocks are healthy in the northeastern Pacific and southeastern Pacific. The stocks are not overfished. In addition, the spawning biomass ratio (SBR) is ~1.45, substantially above the level that is expected to produce catch at the level of maximum sustainable yield (MSY).
Bycatch / discards The fishery is selective and the fishing gear is among the tools applied to prevent accidental catches. There is no evidence of small species, as well as the fishing gear prevents the capture of species less than 1.8kg. The level of discards is 6% of the total catch.
Habitat Impact According to the auditor, there is no Marine Protected Areas in FAO area 87. The fishery occurs 200 miles from the shore and data fleet is recorded in the logbook. The fishing gears have no hooks and are used in at depths that do not allow damage to the seabed.
Social Accountability performance
The fleet complies with the human rights and Ecuadorian labour regulations.
Conclusion with reasons for approval The fleet complies with Friend of the Sea requirements, without any non-conformity.
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