The Mediterranean monk seal used to be widespread throughout the Mediterranean Sea, but in 20th Century it was brought to the brink of extinction by habitat changes and fishermen.

The Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli (LIPU) is an important Italian bird conservation organisation that has developed a project for the protection and conservation of habitats in the Venice lagoon that host monk seals and marine birds.

The LIPU project aims at assessing monk seal populations and movements in the Northern Adriatic, and how they can be better protected.

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