أسماك المياه العذبة

Katroni*

Species scientific names: Perca fluviatilis, Stizostedion lucioperca, Esox lucius
FAO area: Peipsi Lake
Fishing method: Gill net
Last audit date: 19/02/2015
Next audit within: 19/02/2018
Status: Approved
Audit Report
Estonia – Gillnet – Perca fluviatilis, Stizostedion lucioperca, Esox lucius – Peipus and Lämmi Lakes.
Fishery client: Katroni Ltd.
Fishing area:
Peipus and Lämmi Lakes – half of the area is Russian Federation property.
Fishing vessels:
The Company has a fleet of 5 vessels.
Vessels audited on site as fleet samples:
GMA241; GSA009; GMA313; GMA301; GMA241.
Fishing method: Gillnets, traps.
Certified species:
                                     Scientific name / Common name
Perca fluviatilis / Perch
Stizostedion lucioperca / Pike-perch
Esox lucius / Pike
Management summary
The Ministry of Rural Affairs and the Environmental Inspectorate manage fisheries in the Peipus and Lämmi Lakes according to European law. By agreement between Estonia and Russia, there is a strict regulation on the maximum catch of different species in the fishing area. In order to monitor fishing activities, inspections in these areas are frequent.
Stock status summary
According to Tartu University and Estonian Marine Institute, Perch and Pike stocks are considered high and Pike-perch stock is considered moderate. The Estonian Environmental Inspectorate has implemented a database system, which is supplied with daily fishery data. At the end of each year, a report is prepared.
Bycatch / discards
The normally by-caught species are Abramis brama (Latikas), Lota lota (Luts), Rutilus rutilus (Särg), classified in the IUCN list as “Least concern”. According to the Daily Catching Reports of 2014 and 2015, the level of discard did not exceed 8%.
Habitat Impact
There are permanently restricted areas in Peipus and Lämmi lakes, as well as restricted areas for a certain period. Both restrictions are respected by vessels. Trawling is banned in the area to avoid the non-selective fishing and the impact on lakebed. According to the auditor, the fishing method is used according to licenses and it is not affecting the lakebed.
Social Accountability performance
The fleet complies with the human rights and Estonian regulations.
Conclusion with reasons for approval
The fleet complies with Friend of the Sea requirements, without any major non-conformities.

Rybprom LLP*

Species scientific name: Stizostedion lucioperca, Cyprinus carpio, Abramis brama, Rutilus caspicus, Silurus glani
FAO area: Balkhash lake
Fishing method: Seine 
Last audit date: 16/10/2015
Next audit within: 15/10/2018
Status: Approved
Audit Report
Kazakhstan – Seine, Capron net – Stizostedion lucioperca, Cyprinus carpio, Abramis brama, Rutilus caspicus, Silurus glani – FAO 04 (Internal reservoirs of Kazakhstan)
Fishery client: LLP RYBPROM.
Fishing area: Balkhash Lake, Kapchagay reservoir.
Fishing vessels: The Company has a fleet of 18 vessels in the Reservoir Kapchagay and 26 vessels in the Balkhash Lake.
Vessels audited on site as fleet samples: КАЛ 1902; КАЛ 3500; КАЛ 3690; АЛМ 0055; КАЛ 1879; КАЛ 1877; КАЛ 1874; АЛМ 0063; И 145.
Fishing method:  Seine – Balkhash Lake.
Capron net – Kapchagay reservoir.

Certified species: Scientific name / Common name
Stizostedion lucioperca / Pike-perch
Cyprinus carpio / Common carp
Abramis brama / Bream
Rutilus caspicus / Roach
Silurus glani / Catfish

Management summary
The Ministry of Agriculture of Kazakhstan, with support from its Fisheries Committee, manages fisheries according to national laws. The government agency draws up and approves the fisheries management plan annually. Under national law, a state inspector conducts daily inspections of industrial sites and inspects vessels and catches.
Stock status summary
Stock status is controlled by the State based on scientific research of Kazakh Research Institute of Fishery (KAZRIF) allocating quotas for the catch among users of natural resources for 1 year. All users must to provide a report to the fishing inspection on the number of fish recovered. The confirmation that stock status are normal is the allocation of quotas for fish catch. If stocks are reduced, the state prohibits catching fish or imposes time restrictions on fish catch time.
Bycatch / discards
The mesh size of the nets used in the Kapchagay reservoir is 10 cm. At Lake Balkhash, the seine has three sections and several mesh sizes (purse 40 mm, shoulder 40–45 mm, and leads 50 mm), since it is not regulated by law. All discards are immediately thrown into the water during the discharge of the net. According to the auditor, bycatches do not have exotic and threatened species and the level of disposal does not exceed 8%.
Habitat Impact
The fishing activity is carried out in areas reserved for the Company, which do not share borders with forbidden fishing zones. Both in Lake Balkhash and in Kapchagay reservoir, there is no contact with the lakebed due to the height of the nets.
Social Accountability performance
The fleet complies with the human rights and legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Conclusion with reasons for approval

The fleet complies with Friend of the Sea requirements, without non-conformities.
* Companies that have applied for certification before the current accredited system.